American Chippendale Upholstered Back-Stool (Armless Side Chair), late 18th Century, c. 1760-80
Item # 120011QQU24
This American Chippendale Antique Side Chair is a distinct variation from the typical side chair of the Chippendale Period, was referred to by Charles Allen of Philadelphia as a "back-stool chair" in his 1774 advertisement; likewise, in other inventories and price lists of the period it is noted as "Chair Frame for Stuffing over back and seat with Marlborough feet". Developed due to a distinct demand for comfort in seating furniture, this chair is an excellent example of this form. They were commonly coupled with a matching foot stool.
The serpentine of the crest is matched in the swell of the seat apron, the chair back and legs both canted to create a fine overall curvature when viewed from the side. The square marlborough front legs are bevelled on the inner-most corner, the back legs squared with a chamfered tapering beneath the stretcher. The legs are locked in place with a box stretcher, the medial stretcher dovetailed into either of the side stretchers.
Recently upholstered, the covering is brand new and entirely fresh, soft a comfortable over the early (though not original) interior stuffing and webbing. It is sturdy and comfortable for daily regular use; still retaining a very early dry finish, this is a piece you will cherish in your collection for a lifetime. Similar examples can be found at Winterthur, including some interesting insight into how these chairs were used in the home - they are commonly seen as part of a parlor setting, either opposing it's pair or across from a wingback arm chair, usually beside a small candlestand or tea table. Examples are available from New York and Pennsylvania as well as scattered through the New England states, making it a difficult piece to place with certainty.
Literature on similar examples and the subject of "Upholstered Back-Stools":
American Furniture, Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods, Joseph Downs, fig. 162-64
A Winterthur Guide to American Chippendale Furniture: Middle Atlantic and Southern Colonies, Charles F. Hummel, fig. 13, fig. 75
Measurements: 23 3/4" wide x 25" deep x 39 1/2" high; 18 1/2" high to the seat
Condition Report: Early and very dry finish, possibly original. Discoloration and cloudiness to the finish with numerous abrasions and wear, particularly to the back feet and sides of stretchers. Tiny crack on right front leg where it joins the upholstery, long thin crack on back right leg - both are not distracting and certainly have no bear on strength and structure.
Item ID: 120011QQU24
Period American Furniture, French Furnishings, Fine Nineteenth Century Art and Sculpture
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