Although these crystal stems made by Morgantown Glass are identified as champagne glasses, they are also the perfect classic martini glass. They offer an elegant presentation for dessert as well. The glasses are being sold as a set of 6 (only 3 are shown in photos). This is the Mayfair pattern made 1942-1943. The glasses are made of top quality crystal. When tapped lightly, there is a bell-tone ring.
The glasses are 5.75 inches tall and are 4 inches across. They will hold about 4 ounces of liquid. The pattern is a plate etching. The etch features a floral urn design, etch 787-1/2. The stem 7711. The bowl has a wide optic design.It flares wide at the top, tapers in toward the bottom, and has a second tier just above the stem.
At the base on two stems, there is a tiny bubble which is a manufacturing flaw. The flaws are so small the camera lens will not pick them up. There are no chips or cracks. These glasses have been very gently used.
The more you know about a product, the more you can appreciate it. To help you appreciate these glasses, the steps required to create the the etch is described below.
Plate etching was a very involved process. First a design was etched on a steel plate. Melted wax and lamp black were poured on the plate. Excess was removed from the steel plate with a scraper and a very thin transfer paper was placed over the plate. The side to be printed was coated with soft soap so the wax would not come in contact with the paper and so the paper could be easily removed.
The wax outline adhered to the plate so the design to be etched was wax free. The printed paper was taken to the cutter who trimmed the paper and then taken to the person who would apply the paper against the glassware. The paper was rubbed with a stiff brush to imprint the design on a glass.
Next, the glassware was given to a person who removed the paper by dipping the glass into lukewarm water. The wax remained on the glass. After this step, the glass was sent to a touch up area and any flaws in the design were touched up. The rest of the glass was covered with wax so only the design was exposed.
Following this, the glass was sent to the dipping room where the glass was dipped into a hydrofluoric acid bath to create the design on the glass. The wax was removed by steaming the glass. Finally it was sent to the polisher who used saw dust and a cloth to polish the glass.
Source: Bureau of Industrial Hygiene 1938-1939, p. 39-40; Dean Six, West Virginia Glass Between the World Wars, p. 93; Snyder, p. 63.
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