Here is a classic Ariel vase by Edvin Ohrstrom of Orrefors. The globular shape is finished with a shaped spout reflecting Ohrstrom sculpting genius. The décor is created by vertically elongated controlled bubbles. All of this is done over an emerald green internally applied colouring highlighted with metallic flakes.
Based on the signature, this vase dates to 1956.
Dimensions: Approximately 21 cm (8 ¼ in) tall.
Signature: "Orrefors, Ariel no. 389F, Edvin Ohrstrom" scripted mark on the base.
Condition: Excellent. No chips, cracks or repairs.
Reference: A similar pattern vase is shown on page 101 of Mark Friedman's "The Best of Modern Swedish Art Glass: Orrefors and Kosta 1930-1970" (see photo).
A Note About the Artist:
The management of Orrefors and the artists Simon Gate, and Edward Hald decided the company needed a sculptor to bring a different prospective to the design and creation of functional and art glass. They offered the opportunity to Edvin Öhrström and he accepted, joining the company in 1936. As an artist/sculptor who had little experience with glass, he brought an attitude best described as the "what if?" approach on new ways to create glass forms.
One of the first things done by Edvin Öhrström was to explore the concept of creating optical effects within the vessel. He developed a tool to create indentations inside a vase or bowl while still on the end of a pontil rod. This new technique created reflections of light from within the form. They were taken up in production.
Vicke Lindstrand invented the technique of "Ariel" at Orrefors. Edvin Öhrström's fascination of creating effects from within the form lead him to explore many possibilities using this technique. Edvin Öhrström took the technique and worked it to new levels creating figures, botanical motifs, portraits and abstract patterns inside the glass mass.
Both of these artists Vicke Lindstrand and Edvin Öhrström worked extensively with Gustaf Bergkvist, the master glass blower. In 1944, Öhrström also invented a new technique "Edvin". The forms included vases, bowls and flacons. He used the "Ariel" blanks, where a pattern was sandblasted into the form and the blank, after being reheated, was then shaped by the master glass blower into its final form.
A Note About the Manufacturer:
Orrefors glassworks was founded in 1898 in a place that had iron works since 1726.
In the beginning, Orrefors was probably called Orrafors. The glassworks were by a lake called Orranäsajön in Sweden. The name of the lake provided the first part of the name. The industry was close to streaming water to benefit from the water power. In Swedish, rapid streaming water is called "fors". Put Orra and Fors together, and you get the name Orrafors, which turned into Orrefors.
The iron foundry of the region was eventually abandoned as it grew less and less lucrative; meanwhile the forestry industry thrived. To use all labour and leftover wood from the region, the glassworks were founded. The successful glassworks eventually attracted talented craftsmen and pioneering artists.
During the 1930's and 40's the desire to experiment was great and many new fascinating techniques were used and further developed by Orrefors.
Since 1987, art glass is only produced according to the designs of contemporary artists. The decision to produce only contemporary designs has lead to a surge in new artistic thinking and increased technical brilliance.
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