This magnificent piece is called a Cift Besmele vase. It is a limited edition enameled vase by Pasabahce of Turkey. The "Bismillah" written on the vase is in the shape of two birds. It is a classic example of artistic Islamic calligraphy. Meanwhile the enameled flowering pattern surrounding the vase is an example of the Turkish art of illumination.
The ground colour of the vase is olive green while the enameling is executed in a combination of black, gold and white. Finally, one of the birds is also gifted with a red enameled eye.
Dimensions: Approximately 44 cm (17 ¼ in) tall
Signature: "Pasabahce" logo on base with "888/1000"
Condition: Excellent. No chips, cracks, or repairs. Comes with its original fitted case.
A Note About the Manufacturer:
Turkish glass making began with the Seljuks in the 11th century. Following its conquest, Istanbul became the center of Ottoman Turkish glass manufacture. A glass factory, established on the Asiatic shore of the Bosporus in 1795, produced the famous opaque twist ware known as " Çeşmibülbül ".
In 1934, 11 years after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, the glass industry featured in the first Industrial Plan, which envisaged first a factory producing 3.000 tons of bottles and tumblers per year, followed by a flat glass factory with a capacity of 2.000 tons. Turkiye Is Bankasi was entrusted with the task of founding these factories and finally, in 1936 the Turkish Glass Company "Sisecam" was founded.
With the foundation of the Republic, the Turkish glass industry was given a new lease on life, and the first national factory was founded on the slopes of the Bosporus at Paşabahçe, not far from the site of other glass ateliers on February 17th, 1934.
The Paşabahçe Glass Company especially in its foundation years gathered many craftsmen from all parts of the empire to what became an important glassmaking center for the history of Turkish glass. One of the master glass workers of this era, Yusuf Görmüt, is particularly noted for his free-formed pieces.
A Turkish traditional glass is Çeşmibülbül; it is filigree work very much in a Venetian style, also called Beykoz ware. Similar ware is still in production in Murano, where filigree work of high quality is produced. Apart from traditional filigree work, Turkish glassware appears mainly to have favoured forms and styles suitable for applied and brushwork decoration, with a particular emphasis on forms inherited from the ceramic arts.
Today Sisecam, the parent corporation of Paşabahçe is responsible for maintaining the tradition of Anatolian glass culture. In its efforts it has sought the collection and preservation of ancient glass works and established a modern museum. The museum houses over 488 pieces, dating from 600 years B.C. to the present day. Among these items are: glass covered vessels, Roman glassware, Byzantine glassware, Beykoz glass and European glass.
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