This large acid etched vase is intricately finished with a hand cut cameo pattern of olive branches and a stylized base. This is a very large bright green vase produced by Daum Nancy (c. 1931) in a pattern referred to as "Olives".
Dimensions: Approximately 30.5 cm (12 in) high.
Signature: "Daum Nancy France" with the cross of Lorraine inscribed on the top of the base.
Reference: A small coupe of the identical pattern is shown on Le Génie Verrier de l'Europe by Giuseppe Cappa, page 233 (see photo).
Condition: Good. There is however a small chip at the top rim and the vase does have a few surface abrasions or scratches (see photos), most of which are not generally noticeable. The vase has no cracks or repairs.
A Note About the Manufacturer:
The Daum's were originally a family of lawyers, not glassmakers. Jean Daum, father of the famous Daum brothers, took over a glassworks near Nancy, France, in 1878 as part payment of a debt. His son Auguste (who had been trained as a lawyer) joined him shortly afterwards, to help improve the business. More than a decade later, and some five years after their father had died, the younger brother Antonin (a newly trained engineer) joined him. It was their business and creative skills which made the "Verrerie de Nancy" a success.
The company originally specialized in watch glasses, window glass, and glassware for taverns. They branched out into tableware and exhibited some of their designs at the Paris Exhibition of 1889. Auguste and Antonin Daum were impressed and influenced by the art glass work of Emile Galle which they saw at this exhibition.
Starting with enameled and engraved "art nouveau" style vases, they moved on to become one of the major forces in the art nouveau movement, seriously rivaling Galle. In fact, when Galle died in 1904 they clearly became the industry leaders.
All Daum art glass was signed, the usual signature being 'Daum Nancy' with the cross of Lorraine incorporated somewhere. Daum glass was always a teamwork effort, and in the early years it was not usually ascribed to a particular artist. Even the pate-de-verre work from the Daum studio run by Amalric Walter between 1906 and 1914 was always signed 'Daum Nancy'.
There have been four major eras in the art glass produced by Daum, namely Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Crystal, and Nouveau Pate-de-verre. Each change in style coincided with a new generation of the Daum family taking over, and keeping the company abreast of current taste and fashions.
Art Nouveau: Starting with enameling and engraving around 1891, Daum moved on to art nouveau pieces which often combined multiple techniques, cameo carving, enameling, and acid etching, for example. They developed techniques of incorporating colored glass into the surface of the molten vessel, which could then be shaped whilst hot and carved or acid etched when cold to produce stunning effects. They continued making art nouveau designs when the factory re-opened after the First World War (1918). But by this time, fashions had changed; the days of flowers, delicate colors, and free-flowing lines gave way to a new wave of simpler, bolder, designs.
Art Deco: Daum excelled in making art deco glass. Led by Paul Daum, son of Auguste, Daum designed strong bowls and vases with geometric patterns on thick transparent single-colored glass. The patterns were often acid etched deeply into the thick glass, with alternating bands of polishing and etching.
Crystal: It was another war that ended the art deco period for Daum, and after 1945 they turned to heavy lead crystal, colorless and shaped into figures and vessels. Their lead crystal glass was very high quality, and their art glass emphasized the flowing qualities of clear glass. On the whole they did not incorporate cutting, engraving, or any other form of surface decoration. This kind of glass was popular for some 25 years, until the 1970s.
Pate-de-verre Nouveau: In 1965 another generation of Daum's took over, and in 1970 took the bold step of reintroducing pate-de-verre. They have invited a number of famous sculptors, designers, and master glass artists, to design special limited edition pieces for the company. Salvador Dali was the first, Cesar the second, and the series has been an outstanding success.
The company is still successful today, operating since 1962 as a public company under the name Cristallerie Daum. They produce all kinds of figurines in pate-de-verre and crystal glass, as well as high quality tableware.
Item ID: 4075
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