Antique 1895 Sears Roebuck 34" STAR Oak Red Paint Wood Barrel Butter Churn. Years ago butter was made by the oak barrel that was just tumbled end over end until butter formed. There are no paddles inside the barrel but since the barrel was only filled half full the cream would churn as it fell inside the barrel. The barrel was rotated between 40-80 revolutions per minute depending on size. Smaller churns would be rotated between 60 to 80 revolutions/minute and as the churns got larger the revolutions/minute could be decreased, approaching the 40 revolutions/minute on the largest sizes. It was important not to over crank a barrel churn. The cream needed to fall from one end of the barrel to the other as it rotated. If the barrel was cranked so fast that centrifugal force held the cream at the end of the barrel the butter would not form. One disadvantage of any churn that revolved was that it needed to be sealed tight so it would not leak. The lid had to fit tight and the churn could not be vented. If pressure built up during the churning process the churn needed to be stopped and the pressure relieved. These butter churns sold for $2.85 in the 1896 Sears and Roebuck catalog. Butter churn measures 34" High with Base 23" Wide and 23" Deep and 55" around girth of the barrel. Condition is excellent with the exception of a subtle crack in the wood cover of opposite end. Butter Churn is in the original old red paint with no touch ups. Just Fabulous! purchased from an early North Shore New England estate. I did enter Freight / Pick Up Option in Gloucester Mass. SATISFACTION IS ALWAYS GUARANTEED.