Chinese embroidered child's hat. Women in many regions of China embroidered these hats for their children (primarily boys) to protect against evil spirits. They believed the embroidered decoration was effective in warding off evil when placed strategically, if the motifs held mystical power, or if shining objects were used. These shining objects might cause the evil spirits to blink, to be confused, or to be charmed ( Sheila Paine: Embroidered Textiles:1990 p.132-133). This one is a cap style and probably had a pom pom on top at one time. It is quilted all over. I believe it dates to pre-1930.
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