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Antique German Wax Over Papier Mache Motschmann Baby Doll
This is a charming 16" tall circa 1860s antique German wax over papier mache so-called Motschmann type taufling baby doll. This baby has wood or composition limbs with floating joints at wrists and ankles, and composition hip section and chest plate, and wax over composition head. The cloth covered middle section houses a working cryer or squeaker. As you push down it squeaks as if to say mama. This dolls head appears to have been plastered at the neck joint into a fixed position. The head has painted tufts of hair on the sides and fixed in position dark glass eyes.
The doll came dressed in an adorable antique 2 piece cotton print play suit in red and white, plus a crocheted cotton red and white baby hat.
Condition: The cloth middle section is coming detached from the chest plate. the neck joint has been plastered into a fixed position. the nose is rubbed and there are some typical lines in the wax of the head. Body wear and tear is pretty typical for this type of doll. Clothing is in good condition.
Fun facts about the term "Motschmann" - Christoph Motschmann received a German patent on April 29, 1857 for a voice box to be placed within the torso of a doll body. He never designed or made any doll bodies. He imitated his idea for a doll voice box in the torso from Japanese dolls that were introduced to Europe after Admiral Perry's 'visits' to Japan circa 1853-56 opened up trade with Japan to the rest of the world. This permitted German doll makers to get a look at their first Japanese Ichimatsu type dolls. The German doll makers copied that body style with squeaker in the stomach. These German dolls sometimes were stamped with the Motschmann name because he had obtained a patent for the squeaker inside. So in fact these are not Motschmann dolls at all, but the name has become entrenched in doll terminology incorrectly, and credit actually goes to the Japanese for originating this body style.
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