Antique Late Victorian Vulcanite Cross Pendant w/Ornate Carved Floral Design
Made by combining natural rubber with sulfur, the vulcanization process was patented by British Thomas Hancock in 1843 and American Charles Goodyear in 1844. Jewelry made from it became a popular mass-produced substitute for the more expensive black (jet and onyx) jewelry so fashionable in the mid- through late Victorian period. It could be both molded or carved (though clearly molded vulcanite was less expensive to produce). I believe this example utilizes both techniques, with the floral design a carved one, on top of a mold-made cross.
This wonderful example of Victorian black jewelry is in very good condition, with no issues other than the age-related color change.
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Proud Member of the VFG Vintage Fashion Guild
Item ID: austm16
Gender: Female, Age Group: Adult, Color: brown, black, Size: 3 1/8"
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