c1720 English Polychrome Tin Glazed Delft Plate ‘Peace & Abundance’ Figure Theme

Antique English tin glazed plate hand painted in red, mixed green, dark royal blue and light grayish blue and about 300 years old. The style of decoration on this plate along with its glaze attributes and shape indicate that it was likely produced by a pottery in Bristol between 1710 and 1730. The square brush strokes used to paint the green leaves and the one or two thin green brush-tip dashes placed below many leaves (using just the tip of the square brush) in the central decoration are most common on English tin glazed wares from Bristol. For further reference, this style of painting leaves will be called `square brush leaves with dashes.' There is an early 18th century posset pot with identical `square brush leaves with dashes' as well as very similar Chinese-style floral panels and faux reserves, see Geoffrey A. Godden's `British Pottery An Illustrated Guide' published by Clarkson N. Potter Inc., in 1975, page 45, caption mislabeled on page 43 as Figure #44 and should be labeled #45). The second photo is in black & white photo and is included here to help all those collectors who also have a lot of excellent delftware reference books with photos in black & white.

The shape or profile of this plate is also a very useful dating guide and it fits the shape of English plates produced in the 1600s and early 1700s up to about 1730 (see Archer and Morgan 1977: page 126 Plate shape C; also see Anthony Ray's English Delftware 1968: page 239, Plate shape I). Furthermore, the colors used on this dish included a deep sealing wax red (some of the red has turned muddy and burned off the kwaart covering, see below), a mixed green, two shades of blue (dark blue and lighter pale gray-blue that was used to paint the three fine circular bands used to define outer border from the central motif in the well.

The theme on this plate shows a woman standing and holding a branch in her left hand and a large cornucopia overflowing with crops cradled by her right arm and hand. After searching image archives, a standing woman holding these two items has been used by many European cultures to signify peace (the branch is an olive branch) and prosperity or abundance (the food filled cornucopia which probably has wheat in this case). Roman coins from about 2,100 years ago depict several female women or goddesses standing and holding these same two items (e.g., Eirene on a Roman coin from 70 to 71 AD (CE), Hilaritas, as well as Genius and Concordia).

There are at least four other delft plates depicting a woman holding these items that also date from the 1700s (two in polychrome and two in blue and white). The plate offered here may be among the oldest examples of this particular image on English delftware. A 13 inch charger in blue and white with this image sold for $1429 in 2004 and was described simply as English, 18th century, painted with a woman holding a cornucopia (and branch). The decoration suggests a date of about 1760, however this is just an opinion since the auction description is typically lacking in details.

This is a wonderful and comparatively early example of a English tin glazed plate depicting a female European figure from a time period when the British delftware industry was expanding and breaking away from older themes and motifs. The plate has three pin bar scars on its back side, a well defined small diameter foot ring, with a hole for hanging the plate on a wall. There is an old piece of iron wire threaded through the hole and the hole may have been drilled later rather than pierced at the time of production (I have not removed the wire to confirm how the hole was made, but close inspection under magnification suggests that the hole was drilled later in the same way that delft ware is repaired with staples and drilling.

Finally, this polychrome dish also appears to have a kwaart glaze on it, a technique also used at Bristol and some other potteries around London in the 1690 to 1745 period (Ray 1968: page 87). Instead of a soft sheen, the dish listed here has a shiny glaze from the sprinkling of a powdered lead glaze over top of the tin glaze. Areas where the densest red pigment was added, some of this kwaart was either burned off or somehow mixed with the red to create a muddy dull red. Finally, the color of the glaze seems to be tinted slightly and projects a slight purple or lilac hue seen best on the back side (see all photos). The color of the glaze on the front of the dish is harder to evaluate given the kwaart shine and the polychrome decoration. The glaze, however, is not quite as lilac or dark as it appears on the photo of the full backside of the plate. The best way to gauge the color or hue of the plate is to view how it appears on the very first and third photos. Finally, this delftware plate also comes with my Docs Antiques 100% satisfaction guarantee or you may return it using my return policy for a refund (see full Return Policy details farther below).

SIZE: This plate has a rim diameter of about 7 3/4 inches and stands about 1 1/4 inches tall along its outer rim edge. It weighs about one-half pound (about 230 grams or 0.23 kg) and sits on a well defined foot ring that has a diameter of about 3 3/4 inches. It is a smaller size than typical delft plates and this may be due to its comparatively early date. As such, it is a wonderful example that can be easily hung along a wall (has a hole for adding new hanging wire, do not suggest using the old wire due to age) or displayed in a plate stand on a shelf, mantle, chest on chest or in a china cabinet or hutch and will certainly capture interest and attention in most any setting.

CONDITION: This delft plate is in very good condition with just one very tight, short 1 1/4 inches long hairline at about the 10:30 o'clock position. It is shown from both the back and front in the last two photos with a red pen pointing directly to it. The hairline is not readily noticeable from the front (see all photos). Beyond this, the only noticeable rim chips are also very small and one is located where the hairline starts at the 10:30 o'clock position and the other is at the 5 o'clock position (again hardly noticeable). There are also the typical glaze chips along the very edge of the plate, however none of these penetrate very far if at all into the clay body of the dish. The glaze is shiny and there are no major utensil scratches or knife cuts. Also, the dish has no stains, no repairs and no restorations. A better early English example with a human figure symbolic of peace and prosperity would be hard to find without paying another $175 to $400. Of course, if the buyer is not completely satisfied, then she/he may return this dish for a refund (see our refund policy noted below for full details, insurance is provided for shipping and while we have not had any losses in over seven years, we will gladly instruct the buyer on how to file the proper info should the unthinkable ever happen).

SHIPPING: All US mainland buyers pay $15.80 for well packed and insured USPS Priority Mail (this is an estimated savings of about $3 to $6 since insurance is also INCLUDED in the above quoted amount for all mainland US addresses). If you live in Texas or in an adjacent state, simply email me for a revised quote. No handling or packing fees are ever charged and fragile items will be double packed for maximum protection. All international buyers will pay only the exact shipping costs for all verifiable locations outside the continental US mainland. The only International shipping options we will consider are options with full insurance and tracking against loss or damage (email us for an insured International shipping quote). We have shipped fragile items to 26 countries around the globe to date and have not had any items lost or broken, however this fact does not guarantee that no postal mishandling will ever occur in the future. Also, please note that International import duties, taxes and other charges are not included in the item price or shipping costs and these additional charges are the Buyer's responsibility. We do offer a petition for VAT relief on the behalf of the buyer which may help reduce certain import taxes should your country allow such petitions for items over 100 years old. Please check with your country's customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to purchasing this item -- thanks.

RETURN POLICY: Satisfaction and peace of mind are guaranteed for all Docs Antiques Ruby Lane listings -- please refer directly to our Service Pledge and our Return Policy for full details. And this means that if the buyer is unhappy with the purchase, then she/he may return it by sending the item back undamaged and post marked within twelve days of original receipt for a refund (certain shipping costs are non-refundable). Items damaged by shipping in the US are covered by insurance and while this rarely happens because we double pack, we will gladly help you file your insurance claim should it ever be necessary. Of course, never send an item back that was damaged by shipping since that will void the original insurance. Instead, contact us ASAP for help and we will gladly assist.

PAYMENT OPTIONS: We accept checks on US Banks (no temporary checks, all checks must have 9 digit routing code; item ships after check fully clears), USPS money orders, PayPal, Amazon Payments, or contact us with your verified address for more options. If you wish to use a credit card by way of Paypal, that option becomes available after you submit a Ruby Lane purchase order (see Terms of Sale for additional information). Once submitted, a PayPal icon will appear at the bottom of this listing and then you may proceed from there if you wish to pay via Paypal. Thanks for looking and do come back and visit again when you have the time.

Item ID: RL545.a1459

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$575 $412 USD SOLD SOLD

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