According to her own website, "Loes van Riel was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands and moved to the United States in 1966. She has lived in Charlottesville, Virginia since 1987." These earrings and pin are made of sterling, paper and gold leaf assembled in an eye pleasing collage. For me, the scattered letters and symbols represent the mind. Just my interpretation. Signed Loes Pfuelb Sterling 22K 1989. Each earring and pin measures 1 1/2 inches square.