Large Religious Processional Banner Peruvian Highlands Circa 1880-1900

This beautiful old Circa 1900 ESTANDARTE, or PROCESSIONAL BANNER, is double sided with one side depicting St Martin of Porres and the other side St Juan Macias.Estandartes are embroidered Religious Processional banners popular in Spain and in South & Central America, where they are carried by members of religious fraternities during elaborate Holy Week processions.This banner originates from the Peruvian Highlands and dates to the late 1800's or early 1900's. The threads used are 925 Silver grade rather than the metallic threads used on later textile pieces. Also note that the faces and hands are actually hand-painted on canvas...again an indication of the age of the piece. This is a stunning large piece measuring 120 cm tall x 73 cm width (47.5" x 28.75") Martin was a friend of both Saint John de Massias and Saint Rose of Lima. When he died in Lima on November 3, 1639, Martin was known to the entire city. Word of his miracles had made him known as a saint throughout the region. As his body was displayed to allow the people of the city to pay their respects, each person snipped a tiny piece of his habit to keep as a relic. It is said that three habits were taken from the body. His body was then interred in the grounds of the monastery.

After he died, the miracles and graces received when he was invoked multiplied in such profusion that his body was exhumed after 25 years and said to be found intact, and exhaling a fine fragrance. Letters to Rome pleaded for his beatification; the decree affirming the heroism of his virtues was issued in 1763 by Pope Clement XIII. Pope Gregory XVI beatified Martin de Porres in 1837. Nearly 125 years later, Blessed Martin was canonized in Rome by Pope John XXIII on May 6, 1962. His feast day is November 3. He is the patron saint of people of mixed race, and of innkeepers, barbers, public health workers and more. He is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Church of England on 3 November.In iconography, Martin de Porres is often depicted as a young mulatto friar (he was a Dominican brother, not a priest, as evidenced by the black scapular and capuce he wears, while priests of the Dominican order wear all white) with a broom, since he considered all work to be sacred no matter how menial. He is sometimes shown with a dog, a cat and a mouse eating in peace from the same dish. Saint John Macías was born Juan de Arcas Sanchez on 2 March 1585 in Ribera del Fresno, Extremadura (SPAIN)which was under the jurisdiction of the Palencia diocese to Pedro de Arcas y Juana Sánchez. It is not known why he changed his name. Orphaned at the age of four, he was reared by an uncle who trained him as a shepherd. At the age of 25, he then started working with a wealthy businessman who offered him an opportunity to travel to South America. He first arrived at Cartagena de Indias Colombia and then at Reino de Nueva Granada stopping by Pasto and then Quito, Ecuador, in order to ultimately arrive at Perú where he would remain for the rest of his life. His first course of action there in Lima was to observe the Order of Preachers, indicating an active interest in joining in order to serve God. This was an in line with a vision he had 20 years ago commanding him to travel to Peru. Confident in his abilities and talents as a sheepherder, he worked with shepherds in the outskirts of the city and it was there where he began his life as a religious. His sense of piety eventually led him to part with all of his belongings and giving it all to the poor.He did a lot of community service and supported the Dominicans where he approached the Dominican friary of Santa María Magdalena where he was admitted as a cooperator brother on 23 January 1622 finally accepting the Dominican habit. One year later on 25 January 1623 he took his final vows.

Item ID: 8999

$725 $650 USD SALE

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